INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PRACTICAL SKILLS - 2017/8

Module code: BMS1032

Module provider

School of Biosciences and Medicine

Module Leader

JABR R Dr (Biosc & Med)

Number of Credits

15

ECT Credits

7.5

Framework

FHEQ Level 4

JACs code

B120

Module cap (Maximum number of students)

N/A

Module Availability

Semester 2

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 115

Lecture Hours: 18

Tutorial Hours: 4

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Practical based assessment COURSEWORK - PRACTICAL WRITE-UP 1 13%
Practical based assessment COURSEWORK - PRACTICAL WRITE-UP 2 13%
Practical based assessment COURSEWORK - PRACTICAL WRITE-UP 3 14%
Examination EXAMINATION - MCQ - 60 QUESTIONS - 60 MINUTES 60%

Alternative Assessment

Coursework: Design an experiment to demonstrate a given physiological process and discuss the potential results and issues (<500 words).

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

N/A

Module overview

To develop an understanding of physiological concepts and to develop skills required in physiological experimentation when using human subjects and human and animal tissues, aligned with Biosciences programmes.

Module aims

Develop an integrated view of the functions of different organs and more complex systems in the body

Develop an understanding of homeostasis, whereby physiological systems are regulated to maintain a relatively constant internal environment.

Emphasise the physical and chemical principles which underlie mechanisms in physiological systems

Develop knowledge about: principles of cell physiology; the function and control of skeletal muscle including simple spinal reflexes; the role of the autonomic nervous system in the control of different organs; the role of the heart and blood vessels (the cardiovascular system) to supply adequate blood flow to tissues; the different roles of blood including haemostasis; the function of the respiratory system; the functions of the kidneys in regulating the internal environment.

Develop practical and analytical skills to strengthen understanding of physiological concepts through experimentation

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
Understand the principles, techniques and skills of using human subjects as well as human and animal tissues to measure physiological variables. CPT
Present, interpret and discuss experimental data using a quantitative approach; develop analytical skills and apply theoretical knowledge to complete laboratory reports. CPT
Describe the concept of homeostasis and its importance. KC
Understand body fluid compartments and their differences. KC
Demonstrate a general understanding of cell physiology and musculo-skeletal physiology, including the origin of membrane and action potentials; chemical communication between nerves (synapses) and muscles (the neuromuscular junction); the organisation of reflexes (monosynaptic and bisynaptic reflexes-myotatic and Golgi tendon reflexes) (C, K). KC
Describe the role of the autonomic system. KC
Demonstrate an understanding of the structure and function of the heart, and how and why the rate of blood flow and blood pressure are controlled KC
Describe the fluid and cellular components of blood; the different physiological functions of blood flow to the tissues; the basic principles of blood groups; how O2 and CO2 are carried by blood; principles of haemostasis (prevention of blood loss) and how blood cells develop (haematopoesis) (C, K). C
Describe the structure and function of the respiratory system; demonstrate an understanding of the principles of gaseous exchange; demonstrate an understanding of how respiratory system function is controlled under different conditions (C, K). KC
Describe the functional anatomy of the kidney & upper urinary tract and understand the function of the nephron KC
Show an understanding of the regulatory mechanisms underlying regulation of body water, electrolytes and pH KCT

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content

Indicative content includes:

      Module introduction
      Homeostasis

INTRODUCTION TO CELLS AND MEMBRANES
      Compartments, pools and spaces (fluids and electrolytes)
      Membrane transport and potentials-applied to all cell types-
      Excitable cell physiology
      Autonomic nervous system
      The neuromuscular junction and the excitation-contraction coupling
      Spinal reflexes


RESPIRATION
      Intro to respiratory system (gas exchange; structure of the lungs)
      Lung mechanics (spirometry; dead space; lung compliance; lung function tests)
      Alveolar gas exchange (diffusion capacity) CO2 and O2 transport
      Control of breathing

MCQ Tutorial 1

CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AND HAEMATOLOGY
      Introduction  and Cardiac cycle
      Control of cardiac output
      Control of blood pressure and regulation of blood flow to tissues
      Composition and functions of blood
      Haemostasis and haematopoiesis

MCQ Tutorial 2

RENAL AND ELECTROLYTES
      Functional anatomy of the urinary tract (renal blood Flow and Glomerular filtration)
      Proximal tubule
      Plasma osmolality and its regulation
      Control of effective circulatory volume- the renin angiotensin aldosterone system
      Acid base balance       

MCQ Tutorial 3
PRACTICALS:
       Practical 1: Lung function tests

       Practical 2: Measurements of  blood pressure, heart rate and electrocardiogram (ECG)

       Practical 3: Haematology and blood groups

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to include lectures, tutorials and practical work in groups in order to develop subject specific knowledge and practical skills and provide formative feedback, discussion and summative examinations

The learning and teaching methods include:
• 29 Lectures
• 4 practicals, 10 hours in total
• 4 tutorials: 3 tutorials for formative assessments and class discussions and one end of the module revision tutorial 

 

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate


An understanding of practical techniques and appreciation of practical investigation in physiology
an understanding of physiological principles: in particular with reference to the systems indicated in the module content


The summative assessment for this module consists of:


Three practical reports (13,13 and 14% each, submission deadline: first Tuesday (4pm) after the experiment)= 40%
60 MCQs (final exam, 60% in total)


Formative assessment and feedback


Answers to sample MCQs are assessed formatively in tutorials and verbal feedbacks given
Coursework (3 practical reports) are marked within 3 weeks of submission and returned to students with detailed comments for feedback.

Reading list

Reading list for INTRODUCTION TO PRINCIPLES OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PRACTICAL SKILLS : http://aspire.surrey.ac.uk/modules/bms1032

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.