Module code: ENG1073

Module provider

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Module Leader

HUGHES SJ Dr (Civl Env Eng)

Number of Credits


ECT Credits



FHEQ Level 4

JACs code


Module cap (Maximum number of students)


Module Availability

Semester 1

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 102

Lecture Hours: 24

Tutorial Hours: 11

Laboratory Hours: 6

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Examination EXAMINATION 75%

Alternative Assessment

Alternative assessments for laboratory reports and pipe network test will be coursework assignments.

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Normal entry requirements for the degree programme in Civil Engineering.

Module overview

FLUID MECHANICS: The basic concepts underlying fluid flows and behaviour are described together with simple fluid properties. The calculation of static fluid forces is the starting point before moving to dynamic fluid effects including mass-flow and energy conservation. Internal flows in pipes considering effects of fluid friction, momentum and energy losses in fittings. This will include a brief description of laminar and turbulent flow in pipes.

PIPE HYDRAULICS: Pipe flow and the associated energy losses in pipe fixtures and fittings are studied. The laws governing pipe flow are explained and then applied to basic pipe flow applications. The work is extended to cover more advanced pipe networks and reservoir problems.  Unsteady flows are introduced and applied to pipe systems through the phenomena of pipe surge and water hammer.

LABS: The principles described above will be reinforced by practical applications in the laboratory. The labs will cover the effects of pipe surge and water hammer è 2 related but independent phenomena which arise when pipe flow adjustments are made.  In addition students will attend a short lab session investigating Bernoulli’s theorem / orifice and free jet flow.

Module aims

a knowledge of basic fluid properties

an understanding of principles of fluid hydrostatics and simple fluid dynamics

a knowledge of basic assumptions underlying mass flow and energy balances

a comprehensive understanding of the flow mechanisms associated with pipe flows

a knowledge of the theory and equations applicable to steady flow through pipes

a knowledge of pipe networks and the methods used to determine the flow through the network

an introduction to unsteady flows, pipe surge and water hammer

experience of laboratory work practicals associated with pipe surge, water hammer, Bernoulli's theorem / orifice and free jet flow

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
Calculate hydrostatic pressure forces on submerged surfaces. KCT
Calculate effects of laminar viscosity. KCT
Explain the origin of momentum forces in flowing systems and be able to evaluate forces and energy losses. KCT
Calculate flows through pipes and pipe networks and understand the methods used to determine these flows. KCPT
Perform basic calculations using the Bernoulli Equation and the Steady Flow Energy Equation KCT
Calculate losses and surge in pipes. KCPT
Oral and written communication T
Synthesis of data T
Graphical presentation of data T
Use of word processer, spreadsheet, drawing/presentation T
Technical writing T
Information retrieval skills T
Independent learning skills T
Reviewing, assessing, and critical thinking skills T

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content

Fluid Mechanics

Fluid properties

Hydrostatics (forces on surfaces, submerged bodies, valves, gates etc)

Buoyancy (stability of submerged and floating bodies; bubbles and particles)

Fluid kinematics (streamlines and continuity)

Fluid dynamics (Bernoulli’s equation, flow through orifices and venturi meters)

Momentum equation (impacting jets, forces on pipe bend, sudden expansion)

Viscous (laminar flow, Poiseuille flow in a pipe)

Pipe Flow

Introduction to pipe flow, Reynold’s number and Darcy’s Equation

Friction and Energy losses  in pipes

Basic and advanced pipe flow networks and reservoir problems.

Introduction to unsteady flows, pipe surge and water hammer

Methods of Teaching / Learning

This module provides students with an introduction to basic theoretical fluid mechanics with an extended knowledge of pipe flow. The learning experience is enhanced with practical experience and an understanding of unsteady flows in pipes.

The module is delivered principally by lectures and supported by tutorials and laboratory classes which include orifice and free jet flows, Bernoulli’s theorem and unsteady flows.

Learning and teaching methods :

The module is delivered by weekly lectures supported by tutorial and laboratory classes (smaller groups) in the two main components. It includes (hours are indicative):

22 hours lectures,
11 hours tutorials,
2 hours revision classes
6 hours laboratory classes


Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate:

·                     Explain the basic concepts in fluid mechanics.

·                     Explain the theoretical and practical aspects of the different types of pipe flow.

·                     Demonstrate analytical skills in calculating the flow characteristics including friction and energy losses in pipes, junctions and reservoirs.

·                     Demonstrate numerical skills in solving fluid behaviour in pipe networks.

·                     Demonstrate practical skills in fluid mechanics applications namely orifice and free jet flows, Bernoulli’s theorem and unsteady flows (for example, pipe surge and water                                   hammer)

Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

Examination - [LO’s 1,2,3,4,5,6] (b,c,f,g,h)] {2 hours, 75%}

2 Laboratory reports – [LO’s 3,4,6] (a,b,c,d,e) {18 hours, 10%+5%}

Pipe network class test  – [LO’s 3,4,6] (b,f,g,h) {15 hours, 10%}


Formative assessment and feedback

Formative assessment and feedback is provided via the weekly supported tutorial work 

(11 hours).  Where appropriate, tutor support comment and feedback will be given in the tutorial sessions and lectures. Students will receive written feedback on the laboratory work and pipe network test.


Reading list

Reading list for FLUID MECHANICS AND PIPE HYDRAULICS : http://aspire.surrey.ac.uk/modules/eng1073

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.