Module code: ENG1078

Module provider

Chemical and Process Engineering

Module Leader

CAI Q Dr (Chm Proc Eng)

Number of Credits


ECT Credits



FHEQ Level 4

JACs code


Module cap (Maximum number of students)


Module Availability

Semester 1

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 106

Lecture Hours: 35

Tutorial Hours: 10

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting

Alternative Assessment


Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Normal entry requirements for degree courses in Chemical Engineering and Chemical and Bio-Systems Engineering or equivalent

Module overview

The Materials element of this module provides an introduction to a range of common material properties and outlines major classes of material.

The Sustainability element provides an introduction to the fundamentals of sustainability and its engineering applications.


Module aims

Define and discuss the main mechanical properties and durability of engineering materials and to review the salient features of the main classes of materials in the context of these properties. In addition, factors relating to materials selection and design will be addressed. 

Introduce students to the environmental, economic and social constraints that need to be considered by engineers and to put engineering in its global context and thereby to provide students with the conceptual understanding they will need to pursue professional careers

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
Demonstrate a qualitative and quantitative understanding of the mechanical behaviour of metals, ceramics, polymers and composites and the parameters which govern the use of these materials in engineering applications. KCP
Demonstrate knowledge of the interactions and integration management between engineering (process) systems, environmental and bio-systems and socio-economic enterprise systems in sustainable development KCP
Have gained experience in group working to deliver a written report. CPT

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content

Indicative content includes:

1. Materials

1.1 Generic topics in mechanical properties of materials

Introduction to topics to be covered and some definitions. [1L]

Stress-strain behaviour: Stress and strain – definitions. Elastic, plastic and visco-elastic behaviour. Stress/strain behaviour for metals, ceramics, elastomers and plastics. Property data (modulus, yield strength, proof strength, tensile strength, ductility, toughness). Structure-property relationships. [2L]

Materials selection in simple mechanical design: Specific stiffness and specific strength. Performance indices. Case studies – materials selection for offshore structures, aerospace structures, bicycles and springs. [3L]

Overview of fracture and durability (creep, fatigue) of materials. Definition of terms. Fracture toughness as a material property. S-N data in fatigue, strain-time response under creep conditions. [2L]

Fracture mechanics: Behaviour of materials containing stress concentrations and cracks. Stress intensity factor and fracture toughness. Energy release rate/toughness. [1L]

Fatigue: Predicting life of uncracked components (Basquin and Miner relationships). Modelling fatigue crack growth – Paris relation and its application. [1L]

Visco-elasticity and Creep: Maxwell and Voigt models for polymers. Dependence of creep rate for metals on stress and temperature. Microstructural aspects of creep failure. [1L]

Oxidation: Linear and parabolic rate laws. Mechanisms of oxidation (diffusion). Effect of temperature. [1L]

Wet corrosion: Simple chemical cells. Standard electrode potential and galvanic series. Differential aeration. Controlling corrosion in engineering structures. [1L]

1.2 Aspects of particular classes of materials

(a) Metals – Overview of properties and processing [3L]

(b) Polymers – principal classes, glass transition temperature, typical properties, processing and cost [2L]

(c) Ceramics – engineering and traditional ceramics (including concrete); processing and properties (strength, “static fatigue”, thermal shock [1L]

(d) Composites [1L]

(e) Timber [1L]

(f) Concrete [1L]

1.3 Revision [2L]

2. Sustainability

2.1 Introducing Sustainability, why engineers need to be aware of sustainability, meaning of sustainability, history, problems of putting sustainability into practice

2.2 Material criticality

2.3 Life cycle assessment

2.4 Stakeholder Analysis and  Engagement within the Chemical Industry

2.5 Energy systems and sustainability, non-renewable and renewable energy, case studies

2.6 Case study (University of Surrey)

2.7 Industrial case study

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:

For the Materials element

Use a combination of lectures and tutorials to develop an understanding of mechanical behaviour of a wide range of materials including metals, ceramics, polymers and composites
Give emphasis to the relation between materials microstructure, mechanical properties and processing, and introduce the parameters which govern the use of these materials in engineering applications
Enable students to select suitable materials for particular engineering applications

For the Sustainability element

Use a combination of lectures, case studies and group projects to develop an understanding of sustainability and the analytical skills to assess the sustainability of systems
Use case studies and projects to develop problem solving skills for practical engineering cases
Encourage team working by using group projects

The learning and teaching methods include:

Lectures                                3 hours per week for 11 weeks
Tutorial/Problem Classes       1 hour per week for 11 weeks 
Group project                         3.6 hours per week for 5 weeks
Independent learning             7.3 hours per week for 12 weeks (average)


Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate the full range of learning outcomes through exam, tutorials problems solving, Group project for sustainability part to test both fundamental understanding as well as integrative understanding in solving practical questions.

Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

·         Examination – 70%, 2 hours, assessment of both Materials and Sustainability elements, (LO1, LO2)

·         Coursework (Materials) – 10%, 2 hours, (LO1)

·         Project (Sustainability) – 20%, 18 hours, (LO2, LO3)

Formative assessment



Weekly verbal feedback will be given during tutorial classes.

Written and verbal feedback on Materials Coursework

Written and verbal feedback on Sustainability Project

Reading list


Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.