SCIENTIFIC FUNDAMENTALS - 2017/8

Module code: ENG1080

Module provider

Chemical and Process Engineering

Module Leader

VELLIOU E Dr (Chm Proc Eng)

Number of Credits

15

ECT Credits

7.5

Framework

FHEQ Level 4

JACs code

H890

Module cap (Maximum number of students)

N/A

Module Availability

Semester 1

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 106

Lecture Hours: 44

Tutorial Hours: 11

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Examination EXAMINATION 2 HOURS 80%
Coursework COURSEWORK 20%

Alternative Assessment

N/A

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Normal entry requirements for degree courses in Chemical Engineering and Chemical and Bio-Systems Engineering or equivalent

Module overview

This module is designed to give students entering the Chemical Engineering programmes a sufficient grounding in Physics, Chemistry and Cell Biology.

An introduction of certain aspects of Physics is necessary as background to the fluid and particle mechanics taught in the course.

An introduction to the essential basics of cell biology and chemical kinetics is required by all chemical engineers working in the environmental, pharma and related industries. We start with an overview of cell biology and biochemistry. Then we take a closer look at bacteria, fungi and mammalian cells, how they work, and how they behave and reproduce. We look at industrial processes that use, exploit or produce these cells. We introduce the concepts of solution properties and chemical, enzyme and microbial kinetics.

An introduction to certain aspects of chemistry is necessary as a preparation for the Industrial Chemistry module and as a background in chemical kinetics for the reaction engineering modules.

Module aims

Establish a basic appreciation of cell structure and function and their relevance to modern Chemical Engineering

Make students aware of the importance and variety of products and processes that depend on cell biology

Introduce structural and functional concepts in pro- and eukaryotes

Familiarise students with basic concepts of biochemistry for cell biology

Introduce students to the basic concepts of kinetics in chemical, biochemical and microbial systems.

Introduce essential concepts associated with solutions and their properties.

Establish a firm basis for subsequent modules in Industrial Chemistry, Reaction Engineering and Biochemical Engineering

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
Distinguish between the function of different biological systems and cell organelles (For example ability to distinguish between pro- and eukaryotic cells, describe the roles of all the major structural components of the eukaryotic cell, compare and contrast DNA and RNA, outline the main processes of cell reproduction, describe how proteins are manufactured and sent to the correct location within or outside the cell describe the main modalities of membrane transport)
Describe and classify enzymes and enzymatic reactions (For example, derive and use Michaelis-Menten expressions for enzyme kinetics, understand the way enzymes interact with their environment).
Design and appreciate simple bioengineering processes based on simple biological knowledge (For example, appreciate the ways cells interact with and move within their environment, derive and use Monod kinetics for simple microbial systems).
Derive and describe basic chemical reactions (For example, derive and use homogeneous chemical reaction kinetics including both free radical and catalysed reactions, generate both differential and integrated rate equations for homogeneous chemical reactions).
Appreciate the properties and behaviour of various chemical solutions (For example, relate properties of ideal solutions to the properties of their constituents, understand the significance of the colligative properties of molecules in aqueous solution, appreciate the importance of multiple equilibria in ionic solutions).
Appreciate the relevance of chemical equilibrium to the requirements of chemical processes
Appreciate the universal application of Newton's Laws in everyday engineering
Describe the link between the behaviour of molecules and bulk thermodynamic properties such as specific heat capacity

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content

Indicative content includes:

PHYSICS

Newton’s Laws of Motion

Vectors Statement in words and in equation form.  Motion of a point mass. Solution of Newton’s Laws of Motion to obtain the trajectory, using appropriate initial conditions.  Work, energy and power. Conservation of momentum.  Elastic and inelastic collisions. Circular motion. Simple Harmonic Motion. Linear elasticity.

Thermal Physics

Thermal energy, ideal gases, kinetic theory

(the above physics material will be integrated in actual chemical engineering examples/problems, furthermore mathematics will be incorporated into the physics concepts)

 

BIOLOGY

Classification and evolution of cells

Are bacteria, yeast, plant, insect and mammalian cells related?

Basic cell biology

Classification by structure and function

Basic biochemistry

What chemistry do cells do and how do they do it?

Amino acids and proteins

Nucleic acids, DNA and RNA

Enzymes: classification, kinetics and inhibition.

Prokaryotics cells

Industrially relevant bacteria and thermophiles

Filamentous soil bacteria and antibiotics

Organelles of Eukaryotic cells

Main structures and functions

Yeasts, plant and mammalian cells

Cell reproduction

Budding and fission

The eukaryotic cell cycle

Introduction to bioprocessing and bioreactors and microbial kinetics – Monod

(the above Biology material will be integrated in actual bioprocess and biochemical engineering examples/problems)

 

CHEMISTRY

Introduction and nomenclature, reaction rate, order and rate constant

Reversible and irreversible reactions

Reaction equilibria

Integrated rate equations

Experimental determination of reaction order and reaction order calculations

Reversible reactions

Arrhenius law

Complex reactions - simultaneous (parallel) and consecutive (series)

Effect of temperature on rate constant – Arrhenius' equation

Free radicals and free radical reactions

Branched and non-branching reactions

Bodenstein theory - H2/Br2 reaction

Introduction to solutions

Ideal solution properties and molecular proportions

Colligative properties

Ionic solutions

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:


Take students logically through the challenging material associated with fundamentals in biology and biological engineering, physics and chemistry.
To ensure a logical and progressive learning experience
To allow students to practice their skills on a series of real life tutorial problems in a supportive environment.


The learning and teaching methods include:


Lectures                                 4 hours per week for 11 weeks (average)
Tutorials                                 1 hour per week for 12 weeks
Independent Learning              8 hours per week for 12 weeks (average)


 

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge and analytical skills over the full range of module material and to encourage progressive learning.

Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:


  Essay and presentation in a biochemical/chemical engineering research project-20% (LO1, LO2, LO3 K, T, P)
  Examination – 80%, 2 hours, two sections, (LO1-8, K, C)


Formative assessment

Examples sheets for biology, chemistry and physics (with numerical answers were appropriate)

Feedback

Verbal feedback during tutorial session, written feedback from Essay and Coursework

Reading list

Reading list for SCIENTIFIC FUNDAMENTALS : http://aspire.surrey.ac.uk/modules/eng1080

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.