Module code: ENG3204

Module provider

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Module Leader

OUKI SK Dr (Civl Env Eng)

Number of Credits


ECT Credits



FHEQ Level 6

JACs code

Module cap (Maximum number of students)


Module Availability

Semester 2

Overall student workload

Workshop Hours: 3

Lecture Hours: 24

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Examination EXAMINATION (2 HOURS) 70%

Alternative Assessment

Alternative Assessment: Alternative assessment for the oral presentation of courseworkwill be delivered by students in the presence of the module delivery organiser in an office environment or via Skype if more convenient.

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Completion of the normal progression requirements from FHEQ Level 5 on a degree course in Civil Engineering

Module overview

The module introduces students to advanced water and wastewater treatment and reuse technologies and principles. The potential for water and material recycling and recovery via the use of sustainable treatment techniques will be introduced with the aim to minimise waste production and maximise water and material reuse.  Some process design concepts will be introduced for those technologies that have more potential for wider practical applications. The module will build upon the information about the concepts and theory of conventional water and wastewater treatment introduced during the module on Environmental Engineering and Hydrology (ENG3177).


Module aims

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content

Introduction to wastewater treatment

Characteristics of municipal wastewater and industrial effluent.
Purpose of conventional and advanced processes.

Conventional wastewater treatment (limited potential for recycling/reuse)

Chemical precipitation/co-precipitation

Biological treatment processes

Aerobic/anaerobic digestion (introduce design concepts)
Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) and Upflow sludge blanket filtration (USBF) or rotating biological contactors (RBCs)

Advanced wastewater treatment processes (emphasis on  resuse of resources)

Activated carbon adsorption (introduce design concepts)
Membrane separation techniques  (reverse osmosis)
Sludge treatment for reuse

Chemical oxidation and disinfection processes

chlorine dioxide
ultraviolet irradiation.
byproduct formation and control.

Emerging pollutants

Pesticides and herbicides
pharmaceuticals, endocrine disrupting chemicals
advanced oxidation processes.

Future of water and wastewater treatment

Current issues: energy and chemicals consumption, climate change, population growth, water stress.
Possible solutions: water reuse and recycling, decentralised treatment, catchment management. 

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy for this part of the module is designed to introduce students to fundamental and advanced wastewater and waste treatment and reuse technologies and principles.  The potential for water and material resource recovery via the use of sustainable treatment techniques will be introduced with the aim to minimise waste production and maximise water and material reuse.  Some process design concepts will be introduced for those technologies that have more potential for wider practical applications. Students will be encouraged to consider multiple factors, including sustainability, the environment, public health and economics, when undertaking case studies for coursework.

The learning and teaching methods include:

One session on “Introduction to Water and Wastewater treatment” (3 h).
Two sessions on “Biological Treatment Processes” (6 h).
Two sessions on “Physical and Chemical Processes” (6 h).
One session on “Chemical Oxidation and Disinfection Processes” (3 h).
One session on “Emerging pollutants” (3 h)
One session on the “Future of Water and Wastewater Treatment” (3 h).
A site visit to a wastewater treatment plant (3h)
Case studies presentations (3h)

All these sessions will be lectures containing tutorial-style questions which help the students to apply the associated theory and concepts.

In addition, there will be a piece of coursework (40 h) where the students work on case studies about a water or wastewater treatment topic of their choice. These case studies will involve a consideration of water and wastewater recycling and/or sustainability. 
The students giving presentations about their case studies and receiving feedback (3 h).
Independent learning (72 h) will also be required by the module.

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to:

Explain the principles of municipal  and industrial wastewater treatment processes (LO:1,2,3)
Compare and appraise conventional and advanced  technologies associated with  wastewater & waste treatment and reuse (LO:4,5,6,7)
Evaluate the concepts of sustainability and reuse when selecting treatment options, with an emphasis on closed-loop treatment processes rather than end of pipe (LO:5,6,7)

The summative assessment for this module consists of:

Coursework:  case study report (20%) and associated presentation (10%) [Learning outcomes assessed:1,3-7,a,b,h-j,l,n,o] (30%, 40 hours)

Examination [learning outcome: 1-7;b-e,g,i] (70%, 2 hours)

Formative assessment and feedback

Formative assessment, in the form of a comments and (where appropriate) worked solutions, will be through a range of exercises during the lecture and tutorial sessions. The coursework will also provide a vehicle for formative feedback both written (and returned with the coursework submission) and verbally (during a debrief session).

Reading list


Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.