Module code: VMS2001

Module provider

School of Veterinary Medicine

Module Leader

STOLL A Dr (Vet Med)

Number of Credits


ECTS Credits



FHEQ Level 5

JACs code


Module cap (Maximum number of students)


Module Availability

Semester 1

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 117

Lecture Hours: 15

Tutorial Hours: 6

Laboratory Hours: 12

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Practical based assessment PBL ASSESSMENT 10
Practical based assessment PRACTICAL REPORTS 10
Practical based assessment STEEPLECHASE 30

Alternative Assessment

Resits for practical reports will involve the preparation of a reflective writing report on an area related to the failed module. Resits for PBL assessments will involve a viva voce in a predetermined area related to the failed module

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Successful completion of all First BVMSci year units.

Module overview

This module introduces the student to general mechanisms of pathology including gross and microscopic changes associated with infectious and non-infectious causes in various species. This will be presented in context with clinical correlates and One Health.

Module aims

Introduce the fundamental principles of pathology and how these disease mechanisms manifest clinically through examples of gross and microscopic lesions.

Enable the students to recognise, describe and record pathological changes and write meaningful descriptions using appropriate terminology

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
1 Describe the basic mechanisms of disease and apply acquired foundation knowledge RCVS KU 1, KU 5, RCVS 22 KP
2 Understand what are the causes, development and consequences of disease by using the principles of disease: injury, adaptation, inflammation, repair, neoplasia, and their physiologic correlates (pathogenic mechanisms) RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KPT
3 Perform a necropsy, to identify common incidental findings during the necropsy and in photographs, recognize abnormal findings (lesions) able to describe gross findings using proper medical terminology and use appropriate tools for collecting data (photographic images) RCVS 35 KCPT
4 Describe basic gross, microscopic and cytological lesions using appropriate terminology RCVS 35 KPT
5 Determine the molecular basis for pathological damages from cells to organs and whole body systems and describe and interpret pathological changes occurring at the cellular and organ level and understand the commonality of the disease process across species including concepts of One Health, One Medicine RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KCPT

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content

Introduction to pathology and its position at the core of understanding clinical medicine and the commonality of processes across species. History of the discipline.

Classification of disease processes – infectious and non-infectious

Cell adaptions to stress and injury, cell degeneration, death and repair. Pathological cell and tissue accumulations

Inflammation: acute and chronic, chemical mediators, inflammatory cells, tissue responses to inflammation and wound healing

Immunopathology – immunodeficiency, hypersensitivity, immune mediated and autoimmune disorders.

Developmental and genetic pathology

Neoplasia. Mechanisms of malignant transformation. Categorisation of neoplasms. Invasion and metastasis. Grading and staging. Paraneoplastic syndromes

Haemodynamic and circulatory disorders – hyperaemia, congestion, haemorrhages, oedema, thrombosis, embolism, ischaemia, infarction and shock

Infectious disease – overview of categories of infectious causes and their mechanisms of disease

Environmental and nutritional pathology – toxicosis, radiation, thermal, electrical, vitamin and minerals, obesity etc.

Basic post mortem technique and gross pathology description and terminology

Practicals – 12 hours

Histopathology practicals – cell damage and response to injury – normal to abnormal

Descriptive pathology (gross) – terminology, methods of image capture, recording findings

Perform a post mortem examination

Basic cytological examination

Computer-based lab assessment based on above skills

PBL cases – 6 hours


Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:

·         Provide pathology in the context of One health, One medicine

·         Allow students to develop skills in performing a systematic post mortem examination

·         Provide students with the skills to describe and record their findings with appropriate images

·         Allow students to understand the cellular and tissue changes related to gross pathology findings

The learning and teaching methods include:

·         Lectures, flipped classroom, small group sessions, PBL cases, practical classes using microscopy and anatomic pathologic specimens, online discussion forum 

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate

Practical skills in performing a post mortem examination
Gross and microscopic descriptive and interpretative skills
Record writing ability and understanding and use of terminology
Encourage teamwork and participation in group learning both in the practical sessions and in the PBL cases.
Content knowledge of general pathology and disease mechanisms

Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

PBL assessment – 10%
Practical reports – 10%
Steeplechase - 30%
Written examination – 50%

Formative assessment and feedback

Formative assessments: Instructor assessments 0%

Reading list


Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Veterinary Medicine and Science BVMSci (Hons) 1 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.