FOUNDATIONS OF DISEASE FOUR - PATHOLOGY OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR, RESPIRATORY AND MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEMS - 2017/8

Module code: VMS2004

Module provider

School of Veterinary Medicine

Module Leader

SALGUERO BODES FJ Dr (Vet Med)

Number of Credits

15

ECT Credits

7.5

Framework

FHEQ Level 5

JACs code

D323

Module cap (Maximum number of students)

N/A

Module Availability

Semester 2

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 90

Lecture Hours: 30

Tutorial Hours: 6

Laboratory Hours: 14

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Practical based assessment PBL ASSESSMENT 10
Practical based assessment PRACTICAL REPORTS 10
Practical based assessment STEEPLECHASE 30
Examination WRITTEN EXAMINATION 50

Alternative Assessment

Resits for PBL assessments will involve a viva voce in a predetermined area related to the failed module. Resits for practical reports will involve the preparation of a reflective writing report on an area related to the failed module.

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Module overview

This module introduces the student to the pathology of the cardiovascular, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems, including the infectious disease agents that affect these systems. The changes to the cardiovascular, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems seen with disease or invasion by viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungal agents will be introduced. These diseases will be presented in context of One Health and underpinned with clinical case examples from the various veterinary species.

Module aims

Introduce the terminology of systemic cardiovascular, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems pathology based on aetiopathogenesis, and gross and microscopic appearance of non-infectious, infectious and immune-mediated lesions.

Increase the students ability to recognise, describe and interpret the abnormal and write a meaningful report of findings using the appropriate methods to record findings and images

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
Describe the basic mechanisms of infectious and non-infectious diseases and apply acquired foundation knowledge relevant to the cardiovascular, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems - RCVS KU 1, KU 3, KU 5 KP
Understand what are the causes, development and consequences of infectious and non-infectious disease of the cardiovascular, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems by using the principles of disease: injury, adaptation, inflammation, and repair  - RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KPT
Perform a necropsy and examine gross and microscopic pathological specimens, to identify common pathological findings affecting the cardiovascular, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems and be able to describe lesions and interpret them using appropriate terminology and tools for collecting data  - RCVS 35 KCPT
Appreciate the commonality of the infectious and non-infectious disease process across species including concepts of One Health, One Medicine - RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KCPT
Appreciate the clinical pathological methods and tests used to distinguish disease of the cardiovascular, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems. - RCVS KU 1, RCVS 21, RCVS 22, KCPT

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content





Pathology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems – inflammatory, immune-mediated, toxic, inhalation injury, congenital disorders, degenerative




Pathology of the cardiovascular, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems – neoplasia




Haemodynamic changes: haemorrhage, hyperaemia, congestion, infarct and oedema,




Pathology of shock




Congenital deformities of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems




Pathology of Cardiac failure, decompensation and ascites




Infectious pathogen transmission by aerosol and respiratory route




Examples of gram-positive bacterial pathogens of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems - Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, Rhodococus equi, Bacillus anthracis




Examples of Gram-positive bacterial pathogens - Cardiovascular and respiratory systems

Mycobacterium spp.




Examples of Gram-negative bacterial pathogens - Cardiovascular and respiratory systems

Pasteurellaceae




Examples of Mollicutes bacterial pathogens Cardiovascular and respiratory systems

Mycoplasma spp.




Example of mycotic pathogens - Cardiovascular and respiratory systems

Aspergillus spp. and Mucor spp.




Common parasites of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems - Helminths (companion animal), life cycle and environmental control




Common Parasites Cardiovascular and respiratory systems - Helminths (large animals), life cycle and environmental control




Example of viral pathogens causing respiratory disease: Pathogenesis of Orthomyxoviridea (Influenza)




Example of viral pathogens causing respiratory disease: Pathogenesis of Arterivirus (PRRSV)




Example of viral pathogens causing respiratory disease: Pathogenesis of Paramyxoviridae




Example of viral pathogens causing respiratory disease: Pathogenesis of Herpesviridae




Host responses to injuries of the respiratory tract




Abnormalities of lung inflation and circulation (Atelectasia, emphysema, congestion)




Pulmonary oedema, haemorrhage and embolism




Classification of pneumonias




Pathology of the musculoskeletal system - inflammatory, immune-mediated, toxins, envenomations, congenital disorders and disorders of growth, degenerative, nutritional disorders (hypovitaminosis D, hypovitaminosis C)




Pathology of the musculoskeletal systems – neoplasia




Parasites of the musculoskeletal system – inclusion cysts, Toxoplasma spp., Sarcocystis spp., Trichinella spp. and their effect on meat quality and public health




Orthopaedic infections – the septic joint, the bite wound, the iatrogenic infection. Culturing for microbes from wounds




Nutritional pathology – the pathobiochemistry of dietary imbalances - biochemical & nutritional basis of disease; the use of biochemical tests for screening, diagnosis and management




Practicals




Gross pathology and histopathology of the cardiovascular system –using gross specimens, images, digital slides, angiography, echocardiographic images of valvular disorders, PDAs, real time MRIs of wall thickness disorders




Gross pathology and histopathology of the respiratory system –  (upper airway, lung) – gross specimens, images, digital slides, radiographs,




Gross pathology and histopathology of the musculoskeletal system – bones, joints, muscles – using images, digital slides, CTs, MRIs –specimens and images, ultrasound of tendons as a practical with tissue specimens




Perform a post-mortem examination on a production animal




PBL cases




Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:


Provide infectious and non-infectious disease pathology in the context of One health, One medicine
Allow students to develop skills in performing a post mortem examination, examining specimens, describing and interpreting them.
Provide students with the skills to record pathological findings using appropriate terminology


The learning and teaching methods include:

Lectures, flipped classroom, small group sessions, PBL cases, practical classes using microscopy and anatomic pathology specimens, images

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate


Practical skills in performing a post mortem examination and examining, recognising, describing and interpreting pathological changes.
Record writing ability and understanding and use of terminology
Encourage teamwork and participation in group learning both in the practical sessions and in the PBL cases.
Content knowledge of general pathology and infectious and non-infectious disease mechanisms


Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

Formative assessments: Instructor and peer assessments 0%

PBL assessment – 10%

Written examination – 50%

Practical reports – 10%

Steeplechase - 30%

Formative assessment and feedback

Formative assessments: Instructor and peer assessments 0%

Reading list

Reading list for FOUNDATIONS OF DISEASE FOUR - PATHOLOGY OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR, RESPIRATORY AND MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEMS : http://aspire.surrey.ac.uk/modules/vms2004

Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Veterinary Medicine and Science BVMSci (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.