FOUNDATIONS OF DISEASE FIVE - PATHOLOGY OF THE HAEMOPOIETIC AND LYMPHOID SYSTEMS AND CLINICAL PATHOLOGY OF BODY SYSTEMS - 2017/8

Module code: VMS2005

Module provider

School of Veterinary Medicine

Module Leader

BACCI B Dr (Vet Med)

Number of Credits

15

ECT Credits

7.5

Framework

FHEQ Level 5

JACs code

D323

Module cap (Maximum number of students)

N/A

Module Availability

Semester 2

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 92

Lecture Hours: 40

Tutorial Hours: 6

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Practical based assessment PBL ASSESSMENT 10
Practical based assessment PRACTICAL REPORTS 10
Practical based assessment STEEPLECHASE 30
Examination WRITTEN EXAMINATION 50

Alternative Assessment

Resits for PBL assessments will involve a viva voce in a predetermined area related to the failed module. Resits for practical reports will involve the preparation of a reflective writing report on an area related to the failed module.

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Successful completion of all First BVMSci year units

Module overview

This module introduces the student to clinical pathology of body systems and to the pathology of the haematopoietic and lymphoid systems. The student will familiarise with the clinical pathology tests used to evaluate animal health; these will include haematology, biochemistry related to the function of different body systems and cytology of organs, fluids and neoplasia . The response of the haematopoietic and lymphoid systems to invasion by viruses, bacteria, parasites and fungal agents will be discussed. All diseases will be presented in context of One Health and underpinned with clinical case examples.

Module aims

Provide a detailed understanding of clinical pathology and disease pathogenesis

Introduce the terminology of systemic haematopoietic and lymphoid pathology based on aetiopathogenesis, and gross and microscopic appearance of non-infectious and infectious lesions.

Increase the students ability to recognise, describe and interpret the abnormal and write a meaningful report using the appropriate terminology and methods to record findings

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
Describe the basic mechanisms of infectious and non–infectious diseases and apply acquired foundation knowledge relevant to the haematopoietic and lymphoid systems RCVS KU 1, KU 3, KU 5 KP
Understand what are the causes, development and consequences of infectious and non-infectious disease of the haematopoietic and lymphoid systems by using the principles of disease: injury, adaptation, inflammation and repair. RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KPT
Understand what are the causes, development and consequences of infectious and non-infectious disease of the haematopoietic and nervous systems by using the principles of disease: injury, adaptation, inflammation and repair. RCVS KU 1, KU 5  KPT
Examine gross and microscopic pathological specimens, to identify common pathological findings affecting the haematopoietic  and lymphoid systems and be able to describe the lesions and interpret them using appropriate terminology and methods for collecting data  - RCVS 35 KCPT
Appreciate the commonality of the infectious disease process across species including concepts of One Health, One Medicine - RCVS KU 1, KU 5  KCPT
Appreciate the clinical pathological methods and tests used to distinguish disease of the systems of the body - RCVS 21 RCVS 22, RCVS KU 5 KPT
Understand the pathogenesis of clinico-pathological changes in response to disease

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content





Terminology and appropriate units to use for a range of basic laboratory tests and laboratory test abnormalities. Factors affecting the calculations and use of reference intervals.




Uses and applications of laboratory tests in the evaluation of animal health and in the diagnosis, prognosis, and monitoring of disease in different animal species




Morphology, functions and main disorders of erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets; and the appropriate procedures to evaluate these cells in a blood smear.




Basis of the more important coagulation tests, and expected changes in test results in the common coagulopathies.




Main animal blood group systems and tests that should be carried out before a transfusion is performed




Basic criteria for the selection and interpretation of the results of biochemical tests for the clinical investigation in abnormalities of: glucose, lipid, ketone body and protein metabolism


liver, exocrine pancreas and gastrointestinal tract, urinary system, muscle, endocrine organs, electrolyte, acid/base, and mineral values.





Exfoliative cytology of masses, organs and body fluids other than blood




Plan and equip an in-practice laboratory, including basic instruments, stains, reagents and other supplies; and carry out a range of simple haematological, biochemical and cytological tests




Interpret laboratory test results using appropriate reference intervals and with consideration of available clinical information




 




Pathology of the haematopoietic system – congenital, infectious, inflammatory, immune-mediated, toxic, congenital disorders, degenerative conditions




Neoplasia of the haemopoietic system, histopathology and cytology of lymphomas




Pathology and pathogenesis of infectious pathogens causing haemorrhagic (DIC) haemolytic diseases and septicaemia(Anthrax)




Blood protozoal infections I – Trypanosoma, Plasmodidae, Leishmania, Babesia, Theileria




 




 




Rickettsiales and Coxiella burnetii – bacteria targeting blood cells




Example of viral pathogens causing haemorrhagic diseases: Pathogenesis of  Flaviviridae




Orbiviruses, Asfarviridae




 




Practicals




 

Haematology- evaluation of blood smears, haemograms, leukograms and proteins (3 hours)




Cytology of neoplasia, organs and fluids 3 hours




 




 




Biochemistry tests- 2 hours

Histopathology of lymphoid organs with cytology correlation- 2 hours

Lab equipment- 2 hours




PBL cases and case scenarios – 6 hours





 

Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:


Provide infectious and non-infectious disease pathology in the context of One health, One medicine
Allow students to develop skills in examining gross and microscopic pathological specimens, describing and interpreting them
Provide students with the skills to record pathological findings using appropriate terminology
Allow students to develop laboratory abilities and skills in interpreting abnormal laboratory results


The learning and teaching methods include:

Lectures, flipped classroom, small group sessions, PBL cases, practical classes using microscopy and anatomic pathologic specimens and images. 

 

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate


Practical skills in examining, recognising, describing and interpreting gross and microscopic specimens and laboratory result abnormalities
Record writing ability and understanding and use of terminology
Encourage teamwork and participation in group learning both in the practical sessions and the PBL cases.
Content knowledge of general pathology and infectious and non-infectious disease mechanisms


Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:


Formative assessments: Instructor and peer assessments 0%
PBL assessment – 10%
Practical reports – 10%
Steeplechase - 30%
Written examination – 50%


Formative assessment and feedback

Formative assessments: Instructor and peer assessments 0%

 

Reading list

Reading list for FOUNDATIONS OF DISEASE FIVE - PATHOLOGY OF THE HAEMOPOIETIC AND LYMPHOID SYSTEMS AND CLINICAL PATHOLOGY OF BODY SYSTEMS : http://aspire.surrey.ac.uk/modules/vms2005

Programmes this module appears in

Programme Semester Classification Qualifying conditions
Veterinary Medicine and Science BVMSci (Hons) 2 Compulsory A weighted aggregate mark of 50% is required to pass the module

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.