FOUNDATIONS OF DISEASE SIX - PATHOLOGY OF THE UROLOGICAL AND REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS - 2017/8

Module code: VMS2006

Module provider

School of Veterinary Medicine

Module Leader

BACCI B Dr (Vet Med)

Number of Credits

15

ECT Credits

7.5

Framework

FHEQ Level 5

JACs code

D323

Module cap (Maximum number of students)

N/A

Module Availability

Semester 2

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 86

Lecture Hours: 40

Tutorial Hours: 6

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Practical based assessment PBL ASSESSMENT 10%
Practical based assessment PRACTICAL REPORTS 10%
Practical based assessment STEEPLECHASE 30%
Examination WRITTEN EXAMINATION 50%

Alternative Assessment

Resits for PBL assessments will involve a viva voce in a predetermined area related to the failed module. Resits for practical reports will involve the preparation of a reflective writing report on an area related to the failed module.

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Successful completion of all First BVMSci year units

Module overview

This module introduces the student to the pathology of the urinary and reproductive systems, including the infectious disease agents that affect them. The changes to the urinary and reproductive systems seen with disease or invasion by viruses, microbes, parasites and fungal agents will be introduced. These diseases will be presented in context of One Health and underpinned with clinical case examples introducing clinical pathology results from the various veterinary species.

Module aims

Introduces the terminology of systemic urinary and reproductive pathology based on aetiopathogenesis, and gross and microscopic appearance of non-infectious and infectious lesions

Increase the students ability to recognise, describe and interpret the abnormal and write a meaningful report of findings using the appropriate terminology and methods to record findings 

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
Describe the basic mechanisms of infectious and non-infectious diseases and apply acquired foundation knowledge relevant to the urinary and reproductive systems - RCVS KU 1, KU 3, KU 5 KP
Understand what are the causes, development and consequences of infectious and non-infectious disease of the urinary and reproductive systems by using the principles of disease: injury, adaptation, inflammation and repair. - RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KPT
Examine gross and microscopic pathological specimens, to identify common pathological findings affecting the urinary and reproductive systems and be able to describe the lesions using appropriate terminology and tools for collecting data - RCVS 35 KPT
Appreciate the commonality of the infectious and non-infectious disease processes across species including concepts of One Health, One Medicine - RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KCPT
Appreciate the clinical pathological methods and tests used to distinguish disease of the urinary and reproductive systems. – RCVS 21 RCVS 22, RCVS KU 5 KCPT

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content





Pathology of the urinary and reproductive systems – infectious, inflammatory, immune-mediated, toxics, congenital disorders, degenerative conditions




Pathology of the urinary and reproductive systems – neoplasia




Congenital abnormalities of the urinary and reproductive systems




Pathology and pathogenesis of infectious pathogens causing urinary and reproductive systems diseases




Venereal transmission of infectious pathogens




Pathogenesis of infectious diseases causing Infertility, sterility and/or abortion




Important bacterial pathogens – reproductive system: Salmonella, Taylorella, Brucella, Chlamydia and Chlamydophila




Important parasites affecting the reproductive system: Protozoa: Tritrichomonas, Toxoplasma and Neospora




Pathogenesis of viral examples affecting reproductive system: Parvoviridae, Herpesviridae, Arteriviridae (PRRS)




 




Sexual transmission of retro-viruses: HIV and animal examples




Transplacental transmission: Pestiviruses




New emerging diseases: Schmallenberg virus




Pathology of Disorders of Sexual development – female and male




 




Pathology of infectious and non-infectious diseases of female and male reproductive organs




Pathology of the Failure of Pregnancy




Neoplastic diseases of the reproductive tract - female




Pathology of male reduced fertility and sterility




Neoplastic diseases of the reproductive tract - male




Pathology of infectious diseases and neoplasia of mammary glands




Toxins effecting the reproductive tract (Ergotism etc)




Commonly encountered bacterial urinary tract infections (E. coli, Clostridum perfringens Leptospira etc.)




Infectious diseases with renal toxicity – parasites of the urinary tract




Common gross and histopathological findings in the kidney




Pathology of renal failure – uraemia, nephrotic syndrome




Renal responses to injury




Developmental abnormalities of the kidney and lower urinary tract




Immune-mediated glomerulonephritis




Renal toxins and pathological effects – ethylene glycol, NSAIDs, cyclophosphamide




Urolithiasis and nutrition




Neoplasia of the urinary tract




Nutritional pathology – the pathobiochemistry of dietary imbalances - biochemical & nutritional basis of disease; the use of biochemical tests for screening, diagnosis and management




Practicals

Gross pathology and histopathology of the urinary tract – male and female – 4 hours




Gross pathology and histopathology of the reproductive tract – male, female – 4 hours




PBL cases – 6 hours




Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:


Provide infectious and non-infectious disease pathology in the context of One health, One medicine
Allow students to develop skills in examining specimens, describing and interpreting them.
Provide students with the skills to record pathological findings using appropriate terminology


The learning and teaching methods include:

Lectures, flipped classroom, small group sessions, PBL cases, practical classes using microscopy and anatomic pathologic specimens, images.

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate


Practical skills in examining, recognising, describing and interpreting gross and microscopic specimens
Record writing ability and understanding and use of terminology
Encourage teamwork and participation in group learning both in the practical sessions and the PBL cases.
Content knowledge of general pathology and infectious and non-infectious disease mechanisms


Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:

Formative assessments: Instructor and peer assessments 0%

PBL assessment– 10%

Practical reports – 10%

Steeplechase - 30%

Written examination – 50%

Formative assessment and feedback

Formative assessments: Instructor and peer assessments 0%

Reading list

Reading list for FOUNDATIONS OF DISEASE SIX - PATHOLOGY OF THE UROLOGICAL AND REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS : http://aspire.surrey.ac.uk/modules/vms2006

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.