FOUNDATIONS OF DISEASE SEVEN - PATHOLOGY OF THE ENDOCRINE AND NEUROLOGICAL SYSTEMS AND ORGANS OF SPECIAL SENSE - 2017/8

Module code: VMS2007

Module provider

School of Veterinary Medicine

Module Leader

PALGRAVE C Dr (Vet Med)

Number of Credits

15

ECT Credits

7.5

Framework

FHEQ Level 5

JACs code

D323

Module cap (Maximum number of students)

N/A

Module Availability

Semester 2

Overall student workload

Independent Study Hours: 102

Lecture Hours: 24

Tutorial Hours: 6

Laboratory Hours: 12

Assessment pattern

Assessment type Unit of assessment Weighting
Practical based assessment PBL ASSESSMENT 10%
Practical based assessment PRACTICAL REPORTS 10%
Practical based assessment STEEPLECHASE 30%
Examination WRITTEN EXAMINATION 50%

Alternative Assessment

Alternative Assessment: Resits for PBL assessments will involve a viva voce in a predetermined area related to the failed module. Resits for practical reports will involve the preparation of a reflective writing report on an area related to the failed module.

Prerequisites / Co-requisites

Successful completion of all First BVMSci year units

Module overview

This module introduces the student to the pathology of the endocrine and neurological systems and organs of special sense, including the infectious disease agents that affect these systems. These diseases will be presented in context of One Health and underpinned with clinical case examples.

Module aims

Introduces the terminology of systemic organ of special sense and endocrine system pathology based on aetiopathogenesis, and gross and microscopic appearance of non-infectious and infectious lesions.

Increase the students ability to recognise, describe and interpret the abnormal and write a meaningful report of findings using the appropriate terminology and methods to record findings 

Learning outcomes

Attributes Developed
Describe the basic mechanisms of infectious and non-infectious diseases and apply acquired foundation knowledge relevant to the organs of special sense and endocrine system RCVS KU 1, RCVS KU 5 KPT
Understand what are the causes, development and consequences of infectious and non-infectious disease of the organs of special sense and endocrine system by using the principles of disease: injury, adaptation, inflammation, and repair. - RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KPT
Examine gross and microscopic pathological specimens, to identify common pathological findings affecting the organs of special sense and endocrine system and be able to describe the lesions and interpret them using appropriate terminology and tools for collecting data - RCVS 35 KPT
Appreciate the commonality of the infectious and non-infectious disease processes across species including concepts of One Health, One Medicine - RCVS KU 1, KU 5 KCPT
Appreciate the clinical pathological methods and tests used to distinguish disease of the organs of special sense and endocrine system – RCVS 21, RCVS 22, KU 5 KCPT

Attributes Developed

C - Cognitive/analytical

K - Subject knowledge

T - Transferable skills

P - Professional/Practical skills

Module content





Pathology of the organs of special sense – infectious, inflammatory, immune-mediated, toxic, congenital disorders, degenerative, trauma, neoplasia




 




Responses to injury of the eye and lids – trauma, inflammation and repair




Diseases of the globe as a whole – including glaucoma




Corneal and uveal diseases




Bacterial and parasitic pathogens affecting the eye: Moraxella, Pseudomonas, Onchocerca




Inflammation and infectious agents of the external, middle and inner ear.

Ear neoplasia




Pathology of the endocrine system – inflammatory, toxin-related, congenital, degenerative

 




Disorders of functional endocrine hypo- or hyperactivity – abnormal pituitary, thyroid parathyroid, adrenal and endocrine pancreas function. Abnormal lipid metabolism.




Pathology of the endocrine organs – neoplasia




Pathology of the endocrine pancreas – loss of function diabetes mellitus




Diabetes as a global phenomenon – cats, dogs, fat ponies, obesity in man. Comparative pathology




Neuropathology  – congenital disorders, degenerative conditions, disorders of mobility, neoplasia




Terminology of neuropathology and central and peripheral nervous system response to injury




Inflammatory conditions of the central and peripheral nervous system




Traumatic and compressive injuries to the central and peripheral nervous system




Neurotoxic substances




 




Bacterial pathogens affecting the CNS/PNS: Listeria, Clostridium




 




Bacterial encephalitis and meningitis




Parasitic infections affecting the CNS: Protozoa, Arthropods, Cestodes




Viral pathogens affecting the CNS/PNS: Alphaviruses (Equine encephalitidae), Rabies (Rhabdoviridae), Bornavirus and Flaviviridae (West Nile virus, TBE and Japanese encephalitis), Herpesviridea (Pseudorabies, HSV and others)




Prions and Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (BSE, scrapie CWD and others)




Nutritional pathology – the pathobiochemistry of dietary imbalances - biochemical & nutritional basis of disease; the use of biochemical tests for screening, diagnosis and management




 




Practicals




Gross pathology of the organs of special sense – eye and ear




 




Histopathological examination of the endocrine system and organs of special sense




 




Otoscopy/ophthalmoscopy examination/demonstration




Neuropathology – gross pathology and histopathology




Neuropathology – images, CTs, myelogram




PBL case – 6 hours




Methods of Teaching / Learning

The learning and teaching strategy is designed to:


Provide infectious and non-infectious disease pathology in the context of One health, One medicine
Allow students to develop skills in examining specimens, describing and interpreting them.
Provide students with the skills to record pathological findings using appropriate terminology


The learning and teaching methods include:


Lectures, flipped classroom, small group sessions, PBL cases, practical classes using microscopy and anatomic pathologic specimens, images

Assessment Strategy

The assessment strategy is designed to provide students with the opportunity to demonstrate


Practical skills in examining, recognising, describing and interpreting gross and microscopic specimens
Record writing ability and understanding and use of terminology
Encourage teamwork and participation in group learning both in the practical sessions and in the PBL cases.
Content knowledge of general pathology, infectious and non-infectious disease mechanisms


Thus, the summative assessment for this module consists of:
PBL assessment – 10%
Practical reports – 10%
Steeplechase - 30%
Written examination – 50%

Formative assessment and feedback

Formative assessments: Instructor assessments 0%

Reading list

Reading list for FOUNDATIONS OF DISEASE SEVEN - PATHOLOGY OF THE ENDOCRINE AND NEUROLOGICAL SYSTEMS AND ORGANS OF SPECIAL SENSE : http://aspire.surrey.ac.uk/modules/vms2007

Please note that the information detailed within this record is accurate at the time of publishing and may be subject to change. This record contains information for the most up to date version of the programme / module for the 2017/8 academic year.